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Assessment of school readiness of children and factors associated with risk of inadequate school readiness in Ujjain, India: an observational study.
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2019 (English)In: BMJ paediatrics open, ISSN 2399-9772, Vol. 3, no 1, article id e000509Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: School readiness is a condition or state indicating that the child is ready to learn in a formal educational set-up. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of and factors associated with school readiness in urban schoolchildren in Ujjain, India.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2016 to March 2017. Two English-medium schools were conveniently selected. All children aged 5-7 years were eligible to participate. A subscale of Differential Ability Scales-Second Edition, namely 'school readiness scale', was used to assess school readiness in three major domains-early number concept, matching letter-like forms and phonological processing. Data on factors associated with school readiness were collected through parent interview. Quantile regression analysis was used to explore school readiness scores.

Results: This study included 203 school-going children (105 boys and 98 girls) having a mean (SD) age of 67.7 (±0.51) months. The phonological processing and matching letter-like forms had 31.5% and 30.5% children, respectively, in lower quantiles (≤25th). The higher quantile (≥75th) scores were achieved for phonological processing and early number concept (47.7% and 44.8% children, respectively). The results of quantile regression showed negative association of school readiness scores with age of children, lower socioeconomic status and hospitalisation status, especially in the lower quantiles (≤25th). The 10th, 50th and 75th quantile scores were positively correlated with the increasing education status of the mother. Birth weight was positively associated with the median and higher quantile scores (≥75th).

Conclusions: School readiness in a middle-class urban setting in India was negatively associated with lower age of the child, lower socioeconomic status, hospitalisation and positively correlated with increasing birth weight and maternal education. Lower quantile scores were achieved in matching letter-like forms, which measures complex visual-spatial processing, and phonological ability, which correlates with acquired verbal concepts. Focused interventions are needed to improve these skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 3, no 1, article id e000509
Keywords [en]
India, risk factors, school readiness, urban children
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397524DOI: 10.1136/bmjpo-2019-000509PubMedID: 31548998OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397524DiVA, id: diva2:1371931
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-21

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Pathak, Ashish

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