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Multiphase Iodine Contrast-Enhanced SPECT/CT Outperforms Nonenhanced SPECT/CT for Preoperative Localization of Small Parathyroid Adenomas
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2019 (English)In: Clinical Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0363-9762, E-ISSN 1536-0229, Vol. 44, no 12, p. 929-935Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The aim of this study was to assess the value of intravenously contrast-enhanced CT in conjunction with 99mTc-MIBI SPECT for preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma.

Methods

One hundred ninety-two patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were enrolled in the study between May 2015 and May 2017. The patients underwent a preoperative “one-stop shop” examination with 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT by using dual time-point (10 and 90 minutes) protocol and both nonenhanced CT and contrast-enhanced CT acquisition in the arterial and venous phase, 35 and 75 seconds, respectively, after contrast medium injection start. For 149 patients, the imaging results could be correlated to those at surgery and histopathology.

Results

The median adenoma weight was 330 mg. The addition of contrast-enhanced CT increased the sensitivity from 81.1% to 89.9% (P = 0.003). The specificity of nonenhanced SPECT/CT was similar to contrast-enhanced CT (96.1% vs 97.9%; P = 0.077). For patients with uniglandular disease (n = 140, 94.0%), the sensitivity increased from 86.4% to 93.6% (P = 0.021) and the specificity from 96.2% to 97.9% (P = 0.118) by adding contrast-enhanced CT. In patients with multiglandular disease (n = 9, 6.0%), adding contrast-enhanced CT improved detection sensitivity from 42.1% to 63.2%. However, these patients were few and significance was not reached (P = 0.125).

Conclusions

In this cohort, with generally small parathyroid adenomas, the sensitivity in preoperative localization was greatly improved by adding contrast-enhanced CT to 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 44, no 12, p. 929-935
Keywords [en]
SPECT, CT, 4-dimensional CT, contrast media, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid adenoma, MIBI
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397542DOI: 10.1097/RLU.0000000000002778ISI: 000498583200002PubMedID: 31689274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397542DiVA, id: diva2:1371990
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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