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The Parallel Power System as an Alternative to Revolution and Passivity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Systematic Theology and Studies in World Views.
2019 (English)In: Futre(s) of the Revolution and the Reformation / [ed] Elena Namli, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 1, p. 237-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The idea of the parallel power system within the Shi’ite political thinking emerged during the 16th century. It was when worldly rulers offered the Shi’ite legal scholars influence in the judiciary, education and social care. In exchange they wanted religious legetimacy for their worldly power. The parallell power system was a compromise in Shi’ite political thinking. It was a third option between political passivity, quietism, and revolutionary ideas based on judicial and theological arguments. It was a compromise that found a model for cooperation with worldly power. This was a power distribution system that lasted in four hundred years, but was abandouned during the interwar period in early twentinth century. The abandounment of this compromise was one of the main reasons to the revolution in Iran in 1979.

   The purpose of this chapter is to show how this compromise was formed, what theological and judicial arguments the Shi’ite legal scholars used to legimate their cooperation with worldy rulers who did not fullfil their ideal of worldly rulers, and how its abandounment led to the revolution in Iran. This chapter conclude with an overview of the religious criticism directed at the revolutionary model that replaced the parallel power system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 1. p. 237-259
Series
Radical Theologies and Philosophies
Keywords [en]
Shi’ite political thinking, parallell power system, pragmatism, political passivity, quietism, revolutionary ideas
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Systematic Theology and Studies in Worldviews; History of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397874DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27304-0_11ISBN: 978-3-030-27303-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397874DiVA, id: diva2:1373374
Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved

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Fazlhashemi, Mohammad

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Citation style
  • apa
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