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Incidence rate and burden of illness at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games
Stellenbosch Univ, Inst Sport & Exercise Med, Dept Surg, Div Orthopaed, Cape Town, South Africa; IOC Res Ctr South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8879-177X
Stellenbosch Univ, Inst Sport & Exercise Med, Dept Surg, Div Orthopaed, Cape Town, South Africa; IOC Res Ctr South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.
MRC, Biostat Unit, Cape Town, South Africa; Univ Western Cape, Stat & Populat Studies Dept, Cape Town, South Africa.
IOC Res Ctr South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa; Univ Pretoria, Fac Hlth Sci, Sport Exercise Med & Lifestyle Inst, Pretoria, South Africa.
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2019 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 53, no 17, p. 1099-1104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To describe the incidence rate (IR) and illness burden (IB) at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games.

Methods A total of 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Games (6804 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams with (41 teams, 557 athletes) and teams without (8 teams, 10 athletes) their own medical support, through electronic data capturing systems.

Results There were 87 illnesses reported, with an illness IR of 12.8 illnesses per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 10.2 to 16.0) and IB of 6.8 days lost per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 3.4 to 13.5). The highest IR was reported for Para snowboard (IR of 19.7 [95% CI 12.0 to 32.2]). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 4.1 [95% CI 2.9 to 5.9]; IB of 1.4 [95% CI 0.6 to 3.0]), skin and subcutaneous system (IR of 2.5 [95% CI 1.5 to 4.1]; IB of 0.6 [95% CI 0.1 to 2.9]), and eye and ocular adnexa (IR of 1.6 [95% CI 0.9 to 3.1]; IB of 0.5 [95% CI 0.1 to 3.3]) were the most common.

Conclusion This is the first study to report both the IR and IB in this setting. There was a high IR of illness in the new sport of Para snowboard. The respiratory system had both the highest IR and IB.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 53, no 17, p. 1099-1104
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Sport and Fitness Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397649DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100096ISI: 000493920700008PubMedID: 30636703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397649DiVA, id: diva2:1374855
Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-03 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

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