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Perspektiv på paradigm: Kuhns paradigmbegrepp och språkvetenskapen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages. Institutionen för nordiska språk.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6693-897X
2019 (Swedish)In: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. NF 29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The subject matter of this paper is Thomas S. Kuhn’s term paradigm and its role in linguistics. The term marks the key concepts for distinguishing mature sciences from immature ones. According to Kuhn, natural science is mature, since it is driven by a paradigm, but whether there are paradigms in linguistics is still a matter of debate. This paper argues that the disagreement is rooted in the ambiguity of the term paradigm. Later, Kuhn abandoned it in favor of transparent replacement terms, i.e. disciplinary matrix and exemplar. This became known by Kuhn’s contemporary philosophers of science, but arguably less so in other disciplines. By the time Kuhn had elucidated his concepts, various interpretations of paradigm had already taken hold in other fields, including linguistics. This paper makes two observations in the literature on linguistic paradigms. First, the ambiguity has led some researchers to assume a global perspective on paradigms, where others assume a local perspective. However, excluding one view for another defeats their combined purpose. This paper opts for a holistic interpretation. Second, the linguistics paradigms described in this paper do not meet the definitions of Kuhn’s replacement terms. It is suggested that this discord can be under- stood by considering differences in the training and practice of linguists and natural scientists. On the whole, the education of the former is less permeated by symbol manipulation in formal systems than that of the latter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. NF 29
Keywords [en]
paradigm, disciplinary matrix, exemplar, philosophy of science, formal system
National Category
Philosophy Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-399065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-399065DiVA, id: diva2:1377620
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2019-12-16

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