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Children’s self-reports of fear and pain levels during needle procedures
Faculty of Caring Sciences, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5816-7231
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Neuropediatrics/Paediatric oncology.
2019 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

The objective was to determine the levels of and potential relationships between, procedure‐related fear and pain in children.

Design

Clinical based cross‐sectional.

Methods

Ninety children aged between 7–18 years were included consecutively and self‐reported levels of pain and fear on a 0–100 mm visual analogue scales (VAS) when undergoing routine needle insertion into a subcutaneously implanted intravenous port following topical anaesthesia.

Results

The needle‐related fear level was reported to be as high as the needle‐related pain level (mean VAS: 14 mm and 12 mm, respectively, N = 90). With fear as the dependent variable, age and pain were significantly associated and explained 16% of the variance. With pain as the dependent variable, fear was significantly associated and explained 11% of the variance. A post hoc analysis indicated that younger children reported their fear levels to be higher than their pain levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Cancer, children, fear, needle, nurses, pain, self-report
National Category
Clinical Medicine Cancer and Oncology Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics; Psychology; Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-399074DOI: 10.1002/nop2.399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-399074DiVA, id: diva2:1377636
Funder
Swedish Childhood Cancer FoundationSwedish Cancer SocietyAvailable from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2019-12-12

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von Essen, LouiseLjungman, Gustaf

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