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Dust generation in tokamaks: Overview of beryllium and tungsten dust characterisation in JET with the ITER-like wall
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
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Number of Authors: 12382018 (English)In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, E-ISSN 1873-7196, Vol. 136, p. 579-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Operation of the JET tokamak with beryllium and tungsten ITER-like wall provides unique opportunity for detailed studies on dust generation: quantity, morphology, location, etc. The programme carried out in response to ITER needs for safety assessment comprises: (i) remotely controlled vacuum cleaning of the divertor; (ii) local sampling of loosely bound matter from plasma-facing components (PFC); (iii) collection of mobilized dust on various erosion-deposition probes located in the divertor and in the main chamber. Results of comprehensive analyses performed by a number of complementary techniques, e.g. a range of microscopy methods, electron and ion spectroscopy, liquid scintillography and thermal desorption, are summarized by following points: (a) Total amount of dust collected by vacuum cleaning after three campaigns is about 1-1.4 g per campaign (19.1-23.5 h plasma operation), i.e. over 100 times smaller than in JET operated with carbon walls (i.e. in JET-C). (b) Two major categories of Be dust are identified: flakes of co-deposits formed on PFC and droplets (2-10 mu m in diameter). Small quantifies, below 1 g, of Be droplets and splashes are associated mainly with melting of beryllium limiters. (c) Tungsten dust occurs mainly as partly molten flakes originating from the W-coated tiles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA , 2018. Vol. 136, p. 579-586
Keywords [en]
JET tokamak, ITER-like wall, Dust, Beryllium, Tungsten
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-397832DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.03.027ISI: 000452583700110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-397832DiVA, id: diva2:1380989
Conference
13th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology (ISFNT), SEP 25-29, 2017, Kyoto, JAPAN
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-04844
Note

For complete list of authors see http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.03.027

Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Andersson Sundén, ErikBinda, FedericoCecconello, MarcoConroy, SeanDzysiuk, NataliiaEricsson, GöranEriksson, JacobHellesen, CarlHjalmarsson, AndersPossnert, GöranSjöstrand, HenrikSkiba, MateuszWeiszflog, Matthias

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Andersson Sundén, ErikBinda, FedericoCecconello, MarcoConroy, SeanDzysiuk, NataliiaEricsson, GöranEriksson, JacobHellesen, CarlHjalmarsson, AndersPossnert, GöranSjöstrand, HenrikSkiba, MateuszWeiszflog, Matthias
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