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Expletivt objekt på reträtt: En studie av platshållare för objektssatser i äldre svenska
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
2019 (Swedish)In: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, ISSN 0066-7668, Vol. 134, p. 193-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a diachronic study of clause-anticipating object constructions in the history of Swedish. Corpus findings show that the object position is represented by an expletive in constructions with extraposed clausal arguments to a much higher degree in Old Swedish than in (Early) Modern Swedish. This change takes place simultaneously with another radical change in Swedish sentence structure, the loss of OV, and it is argued that the decrease in expletive objects in clause-anticipating constructions is due to the loss of a preverbal object position in the history of Swedish. The preverbal object position is traced back to an underspecified directionality of the head of the verb phrase, and hence the Old Swedish OV word order cannot be regarded simply as an effect of leftward movement. Besides the reduction in its frequency, the position of the expletive also becomes more restricted over time: in present-day Swedish, expletive objects in clause-anticipating constructions are mainly confined to the prefield, and it is argued that Modern Swedish expletives in clause-anticipating constructions are merged in the CP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 134, p. 193-232
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400477OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400477DiVA, id: diva2:1381408
Funder
The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA)Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved

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