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Introducing an existential based suicide prevention, developed for secular contexts
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5892-1158
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Centre for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm.
2018 (English)In: NORDIC CONFERENCE IN PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION: Addressing existential questions in health care., 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background

Sweden lacks studies of non-confessional existentially based suicide prevention. Melder has developed a theoretical framework for support of existential health, grounded in psychoanalytic theories and the eight aspects of the WHOQOL-SRPBs existential facet (2011).

Aims

Develop and test an existential suicide group-prevention to support health and prevent premature death.

Materials and methods

A pilot group-prevention was conducted in a psychiatric hospital as a method development within the ordinary care process. The five participants were between 23 and 47 years, four women, all had recently tried to commit suicide. The WHOQOL-SRPB questionnaire was used for a “before and after” study, open-ended questions were added for qualitative evaluation.

Results

All facets of health had increased. The participants’ satisfaction with health and life quality had increased from (M=1,2) to (M=2)[1] and the feeling of life to be meaningful from (M=1,2) to (M=2,2)[2]. They responded that they appreciated the intervention. Everyone were alive 15 months later.

Conclusions

It is crucial to develop a non-confessional existential based suicide intervention as a complement to traditional treatment.

[1] 1= Not at all, 2= Little, 3= A moderate amount/moderate, and 4= Very much.

[2] 1= Not at all, 2= Little, 3= A moderate amount/moderate, and 4= Very much.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Suicide; Prevention; Existential; Spiritual; Health related quality of life; WHOQOL-SRPB
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Health Care Research; Psychology of Religion; Social Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400640DiVA, id: diva2:1382022
Conference
11th Nordic Conference in Psychology of Religion. The theme of the conference is Addressing existential questions in health care. Honne Hotel and Conference Center, Biri, Norway, 22 – 23 OCT 2018
Available from: 2019-12-31 Created: 2019-12-31 Last updated: 2019-12-31

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Melder, Cecilia A

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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