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Format Codings in Comics: The Elusive Art of Punctuation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts.
2019 (English)In: Inks: The Journal of the Comics Studies Society, ISSN 2473-5191, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 298-314, article id 10.1353/ink.2019.0024Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, I argue first that text is an inherent element in all comics—i.e., comics are rather a text made out of drawings than a movie made of stills. Secondly, and more important, that the essential element in the multimodal medium of comics is what I call “format codings.” Format codings are in themselves neither text nor images, but a third category separate, inseparable from text and/or narrative images. They not only affect the meaning of a sentence or a strip, they regulate crucial elements such as the rhythm, the perceived time, the reading order of a comic page, and the status of the lines. Furthermore, it determines the way in which we interpret the combined or separate information of text or images. In other words, format codings serve as the intermediary between text and images, and while there can be comics without words as well as comics without images, there can- not be comics without them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2019. Vol. 3, no 3, p. 298-314, article id 10.1353/ink.2019.0024
Keywords [en]
comics, graphic novels, punctuation, format codings, multimodal medium, John Lennard, Alva Dahl
Keywords [sv]
tecknade serier, grafiska romaner, interpunktion, multimodala medier, John Lennard, Alva Dahl
National Category
General Literature Studies
Research subject
Literature; History of Art
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-401111DOI: 10.1353/ink.2019.0024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-401111DiVA, id: diva2:1382873
Available from: 2020-01-06 Created: 2020-01-06 Last updated: 2020-01-06

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