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Lyssningssvårigheter hos barn med fonologisk språkstörning: En retrospektiv journalstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Blom Johansson: Speech-Language Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Blom Johansson: Speech-Language Pathology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

ABSTRACT: Listening difficulties are characterized by impaired speech recognition in noisy environments. Listening difficulties often coexist with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD), attention difficulties or reading disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the early communicative background of preschool children with Developmental Phonological Disorder (DPD), who had – in the ages 7-10 years – showed specific difficulties in one or more subscales of the questionnaire “Evaluation of Children’s Listening and Processing Skills” (ECLiPS, Barry & Moore, 2015; Forsberg & Ohtamaa, 2019). ECLiPS profiles parents’ perception of their children’s listening abilities. Furthermore, the purpose was to investigate how speech and language pathologists (SLPs) assessed listening abilities and to investigate which other care interventions had been given besides the SLPs’. This study was a retrospective medical record study. Text units were analyzed together with nominal and ordinal data. The early communicative background was characterized by a high prevalence of attention difficulties and high heredity for both DLD and reading disorders. Furthermore, there was a lack in SLPs use of valid test instruments for listening ability, for example speech recognition was only assessed face-to-face and in in an optimal sound environment. Referrals to psychologists were made only for a minor part of the children. The results suggest that the state of knowledge in listening difficulties needs to increase within child speech language pathology.

Keywords: Developmental language disorder, Speech Sound disorder, Developmental phonological disorder, Listening difficulties, ECLiPS

SAMMANFATTNING: Lyssningssvårigheter yttrar sig främst som nedsatt taluppfattning i bullriga miljöer. Lyssningssvårigheter förekommer ofta tillsammans med språkstörning, koncentrationssvårigheter eller läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka den kommunikativa bakgrunden hos 37 förskolebarn med fonologisk språkstörning som i åldrarna 7–10 år uppvisat särskilda svårigheter inom en eller flera underkategorier i enkäten Evaluation of Children’s Listening and Processing Skills (ECLiPS, Barry & Moore, 2015; Forsberg & Ohtamaa, 2019). ECLiPS prövar föräldrars uppfattning av sitt barns lyssningsförmåga. Vidare var syftet att undersöka hur logopeder bedömer lyssningsförmåga samt vilka andra vårdinsatser utöver den logopediska som hade getts. Studien utgjordes av en retrospektiv journalstudie. En kombinerad analys av textsträngar och data på nominal- och ordinalskalenivå genomfördes. Den kommunikativa bakgrunden utmärktes av hög förekomst av koncentrationssvårigheter samt hög hereditet för både språkstörning och läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Vidare framkom en brist i användning av valida bedömningsinstrument för lyssningsförmåga, exempelvis bedömdes taluppfattningen enbart face-to-face och i optimal lyssningsmiljö. Remittering till psykolog med frågeställning koncentrationssvårigheter framkom i viss utsträckning. Resultaten tyder på att kunskapsläget kring lyssningssvårigheter behöver öka inom det barnlogopediska området.

Nyckelord: språkstörning, fonologisk språkstörning, lyssningssvårigheter, ECLiPS

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 44
Series
Magisterarbete i logopedi ; 178
Keywords [sv]
logopedi, fonologisk språkstörning, lyssningssvårigheter, auditory processing disorder, APD, CAPD, journalstudie, ECLiPS, barn, barnlogopedi
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-402017DiVA, id: diva2:1384736
Subject / course
Logopedi
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-10 Created: 2020-01-10 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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