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Afasi inom strokevården: En kartläggning av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens kunskap, kommunikation och upplevelse
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Blom Johansson: Speech-Language Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Blom Johansson: Speech-Language Pathology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Around 12.000 new patients gets aphasia in Sweden every year, the most common cause being stroke. Aphasia causes language difficulties, which can affect the communication with healthcare professionals. Previous research has examined both people with aphasia´s (PWA) perception of communication with healthcare professionals as well as how communication between them function. However, there is a lack of studies examining the healthcare professional´s knowledge, communication and experience of working with this patient group. Through the National Stroke Quality Registries in Sweden, 138 participants working with stroke patients were recruited. The participants answered a web-based questionnaire that was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The results showed that healthcare professionals in Sweden hade a rather good knowledge of aphasia and aphasia friendly communication. However, some negative feelings, such as frustration, occurred when healthcare professionals communicate with PWA. In addition, the conversation topics tended to be less complex compared to other patient groups. Furthermore, communication materials and strategies were used to a large extent and with great variety, although only 3.3% always use the communication material. Significant differences regarding differences between professions, clinical experience and how often they met people with aphasia were found. Further research is indicated, especially regarding the continuing education that healthcare professionals are being offered.

Ungefär 12 000 personer drabbas årligen av afasi i Sverige, vanligen efter en stroke. Afasi ger språkliga svårigheter vilket kan påverka kontakten med vården. Tidigare forskning har undersökt hur personer med afasi (PMA) uppfattar kommunikationen med vårdpersonal samt hur kommunikationen dem emellan kan se ut. Däremot saknas en större kartläggning av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens kunskap, kommunikation och upplevelse av att arbeta med denna patientgrupp. Via Riksstroke rekryterades 138 deltagare inom hälso- och sjukvården som arbetar med strokepatienter. Deltagarna besvarade en webbaserad enkät som analyserades kvantitativt och kvalitativt. Enligt resultatet hade svensk hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal relativt goda kunskaper om afasi och afasivänlig kommunikation. Negativa känslor förekom bland hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal i samtal med PMA, exempelvis känslor av frustration. Dessutom var samtalsämnena mindre komplexa jämfört med samtal med patienter utan afasi. Kommunikationsmaterial och kommunikationsstrategier användes i stor utsträckning och med stor variation. Dock använde endast 3,3 % av deltagarna alltid anpassat kommunikationsmaterial. Signifikanta skillnader framkom gällande professioner, klinisk erfarenhet samt hur ofta deltagarna träffade PMA. Vidare forskning inom ämnet är motiverat, framförallt gällande de vidareutbildningar hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal erbjuds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 52
Series
Magisterarbete i logopedi ; 174
Keywords [sv]
Afasi, stroke, strokevård, vårdpersonal, kommunikation, afasivänligt material, kommunikationsmaterial, kommunikationsstrategier
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-402398DiVA, id: diva2:1385578
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2021-01-14 17:59
Available from 2021-01-14 17:59

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CiteExportLink to record
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