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Type I IFN system activation in newborns exposed to Ro/SSA and La/SSB autoantibodies in utero.
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2020 (English)In: RMD Open, E-ISSN 2056-5933, Vol. 6, no 1, article id e000989Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: In utero exposure of the fetus to Ro/La autoantibodies may lead to congenital heart block (CHB). In the mother, these autoantibodies are associated with activation of the type I interferon (IFN)-system. As maternal autoantibodies are transferred to the fetus during pregnancy, we investigated whether the type I IFN-system is activated also in newborns of anti-Ro/La positive mothers, and whether fetal IFN activation is affected by maternal immunomodulatory treatment.

METHODS: Blood drawn at birth from anti-Ro/La positive mothers, their newborns and healthy control pairs was separated into plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PBMC were analysed directly or cultured. mRNA expression was analysed by microarrays, cell surface markers by flow cytometry, and IFNα levels by immunoassays.

RESULTS: We observed increased expression of IFN-regulated genes and elevated plasma IFNα levels not only in anti-Ro/La positive women, but also in their newborns. CD14+ monocytes of both anti-Ro/La positive mothers and their neonates showed increased expression of Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin-1, indicating cellular activation. Notably, the IFN score of neonates born to mothers receiving immunomodulatory treatment was similar to that of controls, despite persistent IFN activation in the mothers. In both maternal and neonatal PBMC, IFNα production was induced when cells were cultured with anti-Ro/La positive plasma.

CONCLUSIONS: Ro/La autoantibody-exposed neonates at risk of CHB have signs of an activated immune system with an IFN signature. This study further demonstrates that neonatal cells can produce IFNα when exposed to autoantibody-containing plasma, and that maternal immunomodulatory treatment may diminish the expression of IFN-regulated genes in the fetus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 6, no 1, article id e000989
Keywords [en]
Sjøgren's syndrome, autoantibodies, autoimmune diseases
National Category
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Research subject
Medical Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-404355DOI: 10.1136/rmdopen-2019-000989PubMedID: 31958275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-404355DiVA, id: diva2:1394161
Available from: 2020-02-18 Created: 2020-02-18 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved

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