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Hur patienter med HIV upplever vårdpersonalens attityd: En litteraturöversikt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) is a virus that weakens the immune system, causing an HIV-positive individual to be more susceptible to various secondary diseases. Without treatment, the virus develops into the life-threatening disease, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). To date, there is no given treatment that cures HIV, however by reducing the symptoms through antiviral drugs, a patient can live a normal life despite the diagnosis. Stigmatization and discrimination about HIV exist on a community level and can occur among health personnel. 

Aim: The aim was to examine the experiences of HIV-positive patients, regarding health personnel’s attitudes towards them.

Method: A literature review of 13 qualitative original articles with descriptive design, from the databases Pubmed and CINAHL were analyzed.  

Results: All articles reported that patients with HIV experienced stigmatization from health personnel. Stigmatization in form of prejudice or that they were treated as if they had lower moral status. The participants also reported that they have experienced discrimination and fear from health personnel. The results showed that some patients have experienced positive attitudes from the health care, mainly at the HIV-clinics. 

Conclusion:All around the world patients with HIV experience negative attitudes among health personnel. The patients experience this through stigmatization, discrimination and fear from health personnel. The negative attitude was often related to lack of knowledge around virus transmission.Despite this, several patients also report that they experienced positive attitudes, this was mainly found at HIV clinics. Increased knowledge of HIV can reduce the stigma. With reduced stigma, more people will dare to seek care, patients will receive treatment, and fewer can spread HIV around the world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [sv]
HIV, upplevelse, Inställning hos hälso-och sjukvårdspersonal, Stigmatisering, Diskriminering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-404614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-404614DiVA, id: diva2:1395829
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-25 Created: 2020-02-24 Last updated: 2020-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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