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Seeing light at the end of the tunnel: Positive prospective mental imagery and optimism in depression
MRC, Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, Cambridge, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1688-9708
MRC, Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, Cambridge, England;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden. (EMIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7319-3112
MRC, Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, Cambridge, England;Ruhr Univ Bochum, Dept Psychol, Mental Hlth Res & Treatment Ctr, Bochum, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3313-7084
2017 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 247, p. 155-162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Optimism is associated with positive outcomes across many health domains, from cardiovascular disease to depression. However, we know little about cognitive processes underlying optimism in psychopathology. The present study tested whether the ability to vividly imagine positive events in one's future was associated with dispositional optimism in a sample of depressed adults. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were conducted, using baseline (all participants, N=150) and follow-up data (participants in the control condition only, N=63) from a clinical trial (Blackwell et al., 2015). Vividness of positive prospective imagery, assessed on a laboratory-administered task at baseline, was significantly associated with both current optimism levels at baseline and future (seven months later) optimism levels, including when controlling for potential confounds. Even when depressed, those individuals able to envision a brighter future were more optimistic, and regained optimism more quickly over time, than those less able to do so at baseline. Strategies to increase the vividness of positive prospective imagery may aid development of mental health interventions to boost optimism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2017. Vol. 247, p. 155-162
Keywords [en]
Mental imagery, Episodic future simulation, Optimism, Depression, Prospection
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-405160DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.025ISI: 000392772400027PubMedID: 27907825OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-405160DiVA, id: diva2:1396901
Available from: 2020-02-26 Created: 2020-02-26 Last updated: 2020-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Holmes, Emily A.

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