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Positive Imagery-Based Cognitive Bias Modification as a Web-Based Treatment Tool for Depressed Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Med Res Council Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, 15 Chaucer Rd, Cambridge CB2 7EF, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3313-7084
Univ Oxford, Dept Psychiat, Oxford, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9108-3144
Univ Calif Davis, Dept Psychol, Davis, CA 95616 USA;Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat, London, England.
Univ Oxford, Dept Psychiat, Oxford, England;Univ Geneva, Dept Psychol, Geneva, Switzerland.
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2015 (English)In: Clinical Psychological Science, ISSN 2167-7026, E-ISSN 2167-7034, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 91-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Depression is a global health problem requiring treatment innovation. Targeting neglected cognitive aspects may provide a useful route. We tested a cognitive-training paradigm using positive mental imagery (imagery cognitive bias modification, imagery CBM), developed via experimental psychopathology studies, in a randomized controlled trial. Training was delivered via the Internet to 150 individuals with current major depression. Unexpectedly, there was no significant advantage for imagery CBM compared with a closely matched control for depression symptoms as a whole in the full sample. In exploratory analyses, compared with the control, imagery CBM significantly improved anhedonia over the intervention and improved depression symptoms as a whole for those participants with fewer than five episodes of depression and those who engaged to a threshold level of imagery. Results suggest avenues for improving imagery CBM to inform low-intensity treatment tools for depression. Anhedonia may be a useful treatment target for future work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2015. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 91-111
Keywords [en]
depression, cognitive-bias modification, Internet health, mental imagery, cognitive therapy, anhedonia
National Category
Psychiatry Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-405221DOI: 10.1177/2167702614560746ISI: 000409473100009PubMedID: 25984421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-405221DiVA, id: diva2:1396937
Available from: 2020-02-26 Created: 2020-02-26 Last updated: 2020-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Holmes, Emily A.

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