uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The same factors influence job turnover and long spells of sick leave: a 3-year follow-up of Swedish nurses
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. (Eva Vingård)
Show others and affiliations
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 18, no 4, 380-385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In many countries, a general shortage of nurses is a public health problem, and retention of nurses in active work is a challenge. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the same individual factors, working conditions and health problems had led to increased probability of both leaving jobs and prolonged sickness absence in a cohort of Swedish nurses over a period of 3 years. METHODS: A baseline questionnaire was answered by 2293 nurses, representing a response rate of 86%. Exposed and unexposed nurses were compared with regard to two outcomes. During the 3-year follow-up, exposed and unexposed nurses were compared with regard to two outcomes: resigning and having at least one sick leave spell that lasted 28 days or longer. RESULTS: We found that 18% of the nurses left their employment, and 16% had sick leave spells > or =28 days. Work in geriatric care, being socially excluded by superiors and/or workmates, negative effects of organizational changes and poor self-rated general health were factors that increased the likelihood of both leaving jobs and long-term sick leave. CONCLUSIONS: The present results underline the importance of improving working conditions and supporting sustainable health in order to prevent high turnover and prolonged sick leave among nurses. Resigning and moving to another institution can be interpreted as a way to actively cope with an unhealthy work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 18, no 4, 380-385 p.
Keyword [en]
job turnover, nurses, resignations, sick leave, working conditions, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-88243DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckn009ISI: 000257957700010PubMedID: 18292122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-88243DiVA: diva2:139857
Available from: 2009-01-27 Created: 2009-01-27 Last updated: 2011-01-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed
By organisation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
In the same journal
European Journal of Public Health
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 219 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link