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Posttraumatic stress symptoms in London school children following September 11, 2001: An exploratory investigation of peri-traumatic reactions and intrusive imagery
Univ Oxford, Warneford Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Oxford OX3 7JK, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7319-3112
Univ Reading, Sch Psychol, Reading RG6 2AH, Berks, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1889-0956
Univ Rochester, Med Ctr, Rochester, NY 14627 USA.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, ISSN 0005-7916, E-ISSN 1873-7943, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 474-490Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Threatening intrusive images are central to posttraumatic stress disorder. It has been suggested that intrusive imagery in the context of a sense of threat leads to the development and persistence of posttraumatic stress symptoms. This study investigates London school children's (N = 76; age 10-11 years) self-reported posttraumatic stress symptoms in response to viewing the attacks of September 11, 2001 on television. Assessments were made at two time points. A minority of participants reported moderate-severe symptoms with functional impairment at 2 months (14.5%) and 6 months (9.2%) after viewing the September 11events. After controlling for symptom stability, persistent symptoms were associated with peri-traumatic factors, notably perceiving that one's life was in danger. The combined effect of intrusive imagery and peri-traumatic life threat was associated with symptom persistence. Assessments of intrusive image content via checklist and free-report indicated that the images were directly related to September 11 and were fairly stable over time. Implications for treating children's intrusive images following stressful events are explored. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2007. Vol. 38, no 4, p. 474-490
Keywords [en]
posttraumatic, child, peri-traumatic, intrusive image, media, September 11, mental image, media trauma
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-405532DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.10.003ISI: 000252225900014PubMedID: 18023425OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-405532DiVA, id: diva2:1403349
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-02-28

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Holmes, Emily A.

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