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The ‘boomerang effect’: insights for improved climate action
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2208-794X
2020 (English)In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

States have been negotiating climate mitigation actions centred around greenhouse gas emissions for several decades. In the wake of the Paris Agreement, a significant body of research has emerged reflecting on the unintended negative consequences of climate mitigation action. More recently, this research includes a focus on climate adaptation actions. The negative impacts have, together, been labelled ‘maladaptation’. Maladaptation as articulated in the literature takes many forms: e.g. displacement of communities from traditional lands such as forests and pasture, violent conflict at different scales, resource capture by elites. In this article, we argue in support of a careful delineation between local-level side effects of climate action and negative effects reaching back to the state (through different pathways and at different levels). The latter we label ‘boomerang effects’. We illustrate, through several examples, the pathways leading from climate action to local impact to boomerang effect, arguing that careful articulation of policy and program decisions, actions and effects upon the state provide support for improved policy making. Climate action is necessary, and necessarily must be better informed in order to achieve the broadest socio-ecological benefits possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
Adaptation, mitigation, climate change, boomerang effect, maladaptation, climate policy, NDCs
National Category
Social Sciences Natural Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Climate Research Political Science Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-407074DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2020.1723470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-407074DiVA, id: diva2:1415610
Available from: 2020-03-19 Created: 2020-03-19 Last updated: 2020-03-19

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Publisher's full texthttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17565529.2020.1723470

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