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Just Different Hats? Comparing UN and Non-UN Peacekeeping: Just Different Hats?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9831-0573
2020 (English)In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In the past two decades, regional organizations and coalitions of states have deployed more peace operations than the UN. Yet most quantitative studies of peacekeeping effectiveness focus on UN peacekeeping exclusively, a decision owed to data availability more than to theories about the differential impact of UN and non-UN missions. As a result, we know little about the effectiveness of non-UN peacekeeping in mitigating violence. In this paper, we introduce and analyse monthly data on the approximate number of troops, police, and observers in both UN and non-UN peacekeeping operations between 1993 and 2016. Using these data, we show that when accounting for mission size and composition, UN and regional peacekeeping operations are equally effective in mitigating violence against civilians by governments, but only UN troops and police curb civilian targeting by non-state actors. We offer some theoretical reflections on these findings, but the main contribution of the article is the novel dataset on non-UN peacekeeping strength and personnel composition to overcome the near-exclusive focus on UN missions in the scholarship on peacekeeping effectiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-407182DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2020.1737023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-407182DiVA, id: diva2:1415956
Available from: 2020-03-20 Created: 2020-03-20 Last updated: 2020-03-20

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Publisher's full texthttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13533312.2020.1737023

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Bara, Corinne

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