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Fordrans uppkomst inom insolvensrätten
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
2020 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The Rise of the Claim in Insolvency Law (English)
Abstract [en]

The question of when a claim arises is quintessential in Swedish insolvency law. The claim has to have arisen before a certain critical time point to be included in insolvency proceedings, a composition (in a reorganisation) or a debt relief. The question if the claim has arisen before a critical time point is also used concerning recovery to the insolvency estate, set-off and to determine whether a post-commencement claim exists. The thesis delves into the question of the rise of the claim in Swedish insolvency law.

 

In recent years, there have been numerous cases from the Supreme Court of Sweden concerning the question of the rise of the claim. The Court has, in several of these cases, stated that the question of the rise of the claim mainly depends on the purpose of the specific provision. This way of reasoning is called functionalism in the thesis. Functionalism creates an openness towards arguments and principles which are relevant for the specific provision. Accordingly, principles and arguments of insolvency law become important to determine if a claim has arisen as regards to a provision within insolvency law. However, there are other ways of approaching the issue. For example, the doctrine of conditions and the principle of the substantial ground of the claim have also been used in the case law from the Supreme Court of Sweden. To determine whether a claim has arisen, the doctrine of conditions opens the door for an assessment based on the rules on the formation of contracts, while the principle of the substantial ground mainly relies upon the law of obligations. Insolvency law and the law of obligations are thus intertwined in the question of when a claim has arisen.

 

The different ways of reasoning are studied in detail in the thesis. A comparison is also made between their respective structure, as well as of the different normative assessments they rely on. How the Supreme Court of Sweden superordinated functionalism in NJA 2009 s 291 is also studied. The study of the different ways of reasoning forms the basis for the main part of the thesis and its topic, which is: The rise of the claim as regards to the critical time points within insolvency law.

Abstract [sv]

Tidpunkten för fordrans uppkomst är på många sätt fundamental inom insolvensrätten. För att en fordran över huvud taget ska få göras gällande i konkurs, alternativt omfattas av ett offentligt ackord eller av en skuldsanering måste den ha uppkommit före en viss kritisk tidpunkt. Dessutom är uppkomsttidpunkten avgörande för om kvittning i konkurs får ske liksom för om vissa rättshandlingar kan återvinnas.

 

Svårigheterna att avgöra om och när en fordran uppkommer aktualiserar även en hel del principiella spörsmål, såsom hur begrepp, principer och ändamålsresonemang används i rättstillämpningen, om förhållandet mellan regler och principer och om spänningen mellan obligationsrätt och insolvensrätt.

 

I avhandlingen behandlas såväl de specifika frågorna om fordrans uppkomst som de nämnda principiella frågorna. Det sker i ett samspel, i vilket en studie av de argument och argumentationslinjer som har använts i frågan om fordrans uppkomst studeras enskilt och i förhållande till varandra. Resultatet av denna studie får sedan bilda utgångspunkt för de mer specifika undersökningarna av vad som krävs för att en fordran ska uppkomma inom insolvensrätten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2020. , p. 543
Series
Skrifter från Juridiska fakulteten i Uppsala, ISSN 0282-2040 ; 143
Keywords [sv]
Fordrans uppkomst, Insolvensrätt, Förmögenhetsrätt, Konkursfordran, Gäldenärsfordran, Motfordran, Huvudfordran, Massafordran, Ackordsfordran, Kvittning i konkurs, Konkursbo, Företagsrekonstruktion, Konkurs, Skuldsanering, Offentligt ackord, Återvinning i konkurs, Regel, Princip, Villkorsläran, Den väsentliga grunden, Funktionalism, Substantialism, Wittgenstein, Hermeneutik, Dekonstruktion
National Category
Law
Research subject
Civil Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-427623ISBN: 978-91-7737-135-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-427623DiVA, id: diva2:1508143
Public defence
2021-02-05, Sal IV, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:16 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

https://uu-se.zoom.us/j/65656210431

Available from: 2020-12-22 Created: 2020-12-09 Last updated: 2021-12-02Bibliographically approved

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Schytzer, Jonatan

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