A low-dose intradermal hepatitis B vaccine programme in health-care workers and students is highly effective and cost saving: a retrospective follow-up survey in the clinical setting
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 43, no 4, 465-472 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate compliance, serologic response and the cost-benefit of a low-dose intradermal hepatitis B vaccination programme, followed by intramuscular boosters in non-responders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised a retrospective survey of 1521 health-care workers and 968 students. Response was defined as hepatitis B antibody titres > or =10 IU/L. Non-response included vaccinees with undetectable antibodies and a hypo-response if antibodies were detectable. RESULTS: Overall, 2145/2489 (86%) subjects completed the intradermal series, whereof 1840/2489 (74%) complied with the serological check-up. Response was achieved in 1517/1840 (82.5%), whereas 107/1840 (5.8%) had a hypo-response and 216/1840 (11.7%) had an undetectable response. In a logistic regression model, younger age (odds ratio 0.73 (95% CI: 0.65-0.82, p<0.001)) and female gender (odds ratio 2.16 (95% CI: 1.67-2.80; p<0.001)) were predictive of response. In hypo-responders and those with undetectable responses, 43/46 (94%) and 71/136 (52%), respectively, had a response after the first intramuscular booster. Hence, in compliant vaccinees an overall seroprotection rate of 94% was reached after a single intramuscular booster. A cost-benefit analysis indicated a cost reduction exceeding 50% compared to a standard intramuscular vaccine regimen. CONCLUSIONS: In the clinical setting, a low-dose intradermal hepatitis B vaccination programme, followed by intramuscular boosters to non-responders, is effective and cost saving.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 43, no 4, 465-472 p.
compliance, cost-benefit, hepatitis B vaccination, intradermal, intramuscular booster, low-dose, response
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89261DOI: 10.1080/00365520701733806ISI: 000254347500011PubMedID: 18365912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89261DiVA: diva2:159781