Endothelial cell migration in stable gradients of vascular endothelial growth factor A and fibroblast growth factor 2: effects on chemotaxis and chemokinesis
2008 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 283, no 20, 13905-13912 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gradients of secreted signaling proteins guide growing blood vessels during both normal and pathological angiogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which endothelial cells integrate and respond to graded distributions of chemotactic factors are still poorly understood. We have in this study investigated endothelial cell migration in response to hill-shaped gradients of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) using a novel microfluidic chemotaxis chamber (MCC). Cell migration was scored at the level of individual cells using time-lapse microscopy. A stable gradient of VEGFA165 ranging from 0 to 50 ng/ml over a distance of 400 microm was shown to strongly induce chemotaxis of endothelial cells of different vascular origin. VEGFA121, unable to bind proteoglycan and neuropilin coreceptors, was also shown to induce chemotaxis in this setup. Furthermore, a gradient of FGF2 was able to attract venular but not arterial endothelial cells, albeit less efficiently than VEGFA165. Notably, constant levels of VEGFA165, but not of FGF2, were shown to efficiently reduce chemokinesis. Systematic exploration of different gradient shapes led to the identification of a minimal gradient steepness required for efficient cell guidance. Finally, analysis of cell migration in different regions of the applied gradients showed that chemotaxis is reduced when cells reach the high end of the gradient. Our findings suggest that chemotactic growth factor gradients may instruct endothelial cells to shift toward a nonmigratory phenotype when approaching the growth factor source.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 283, no 20, 13905-13912 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89323DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M704917200ISI: 000255728200044PubMedID: 18347025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89323DiVA: diva2:160091