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Tatariska och tjuvasjiska kodkopior i mariskan
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Finno-Ugric Languages.
2001 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Dissertation written in Swedish

The Finno-Ugric Language Mari is considered to be among the most turkicized of the Finno-Ugric languages. The impact of the two Turkic languages Tatar and Chuvash on Mari is considerable and concerns every part of the Mari language system: lexicon, phonology, morphology and syntax. The factors underlying this impact are both social and structural. Among the social factors are the cultural, political and numerical dominance relations between the Mari and the Turkic peoples that have led to complex language-contact situations. Especially important has been the emergence of considerable groups of bilinguals among the Mari and areas in which both Mari and Turkic languages are spoken. Among the structural factors of importance is the typological relatedness of Mari and the Turkic languages, which has further increased the Turkic impact on Mari. In this thesis, some aspects of this complex language-contact situation are investigated. Social and structural factors underlying the Turkic influence on Mari are of importance for understanding the outcome of the Tatar and Chuvash impact on Mari. The Turkic elements in Mari are analyzed as code-copies, elements of another linguistic code copied into Mari. Since copies can establish themselves as parts of the language they are copied into, the thesis furthermore aims to show the extent to which the copies of Tatar and Chuvash models in Mari can be analyzed as habitualized or conventionalized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2001. , 168 p.
Keyword [en]
Finno-Ugric languages - general, Mari, Tatar, Chuvash, Middle Volga region, language contact, social factors, structural factors, code-copying, global copies, mixed copies, selective copies, loanwords, morphological influence, syntactic influence
Keyword [sv]
Finsk-ugriska språk - allmänt
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Finno-Ugric Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1382ISBN: 99-3534670-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-1382DiVA: diva2:160871
Public defence
2001-09-28, Siegbahnsalen, Fysikum, Thunbergsvägen 7A,Uppsala, Uppsala, 13:15
Available from: 2001-09-25 Created: 2001-09-25Bibliographically approved

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