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Evaluation of drug release from gels on pig nasal mucosa in a horizontal Ussing chamber
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 83, no 3, 377-388 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, controlled release gel formulations containing dihydroalprenolol (DHA), hydrocortisone (HC) or testosterone (TS) in Carbopol 934P (C934) were evaluated using pig nasal mucosa in a horizontal Ussing chamber. The controlled release gel formulations were designed by including DHA in vesicle bilayers formed with sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) (1.4 and 36 mM) and by partitioning TS to the core of Brij 58 (B58, 1%) micelles. For comparison, unmodified gels and solutions of the drugs and additives were examined in parallel experiments. The viability and toxicity were evaluated with electrophysiological measurements and light microscopy. The results showed that C934 did not affect the viability of the mucosa and that the rate and profile of the appearance on the receiver side was independent of whether the substances were released from an unmodified gel or an unmodified solution. Continuous electrophysiological measurements made during exposure showed that B58 (1%) and SDS (1.4 mM) inactivated the mucosa, whereas SDS (36 mM) activated it. Investigations made after a 90-min exposure to the formulations showed that all the modified gels had inactivated the mucosa and had negative effects on the morphology. For the TS-B58 (1%) and the DHA-SDS (36 mM) gels, the rate-limiting step in transport was the release from the formulation. The results confirmed that gels from C934 are suitable for nasal administration and also clearly indicated the different degrees of toxicity of the controlled release formulations evaluated in this study. The horizontal Ussing chamber method was a suitable tool for the evaluation of gels for nasal administration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 83, no 3, 377-388 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89523DOI: 10.1016/S0168-3659(02)00209-2PubMedID: 12387946OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89523DiVA: diva2:161064
Available from: 2001-11-15 Created: 2001-11-15 Last updated: 2014-12-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Controlled Release Gel Formulations for Mucosal Drug Delivery
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Controlled Release Gel Formulations for Mucosal Drug Delivery
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Drug delivery to nasal or ocular mucosa for either local or systemic action faces many obstacles – these routes are protected by effective mechanisms. Gel formulations with suitable rheological and mucoadhesive properties increase the contact time at the site of absorption. However, drug release from the gel must be sustained if benefits are to be gained from the prolonged contact time.

The work presented here is the characterization of gels and the determination of the mucoadhesive properties of polymers using rheology. Gelrite gels were formed in simulated tear fluid at concentrations of polymer as low as 0.1%, and it was shown that sodium was the most important gel-promoting ion in vivo. Rheology, although it may be a questionable technique for evaluating mucoadhesive properties of polymers, showed that interactions between mucin and polymers were most likely to be seen with weak gels.

It was possible to control the release of uncharged drug substances by including surfactants that form micelles in the gel. This release depended on lipophilic interactions between the drug and the polymer and/or the micelles. Controlled-release formulations of charged drugs could be designed by mixing the drugs with oppositely charged surfactants in certain ratios. In this way, vesicles in which the drug and surfactant constituted the bilayer formed spontaneously. The vesicle formation was affected by the presence of polymer, and very small vesicles that gave a slow release rate were formed when a lipophilically modified polymer was used.

The gels were also evaluated in the Ussing chamber using porcine nasal mucosa. The rate of transport of drugs through the mucosa could be controlled by the rate of release from the formulation. Furthermore, the Ussing chamber could be used to evaluate the potential toxicity of formulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2001. 52 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 0282-7484 ; 259
Keyword
Pharmacy, FARMACI
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research subject
Pharmaceutics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1493 (URN)91-554-5173-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2001-12-07, B42, BMC, Uppsala, 09:15
Opponent
Available from: 2001-11-15 Created: 2001-11-15 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Paulsson, MattiasBjörk, Erik

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