Can attentional theory explain the inverse base-rate effect?: Comments on Kruschke (2001)
2003 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, ISSN 0278-7393, E-ISSN 1939-1285, Vol. 29, no 6, 1390-1395 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In J. K. Kruschke's (2001; see record 2001-18940-005) study, it is argued that attentional theory is the sole satisfactory explanation of the inverse base rate effect and that eliminative inference (P. Juslin, P. Wennerholm, & A. Winman, 2001; see record 2001-07828-016) plays no role in the phenomenon. In this comment, the authors demonstrate that, in contrast to the central tenets of attentional theory, (a) rapid attention shifts as implemented in ADIT decelerate learning in the inverse base-rate task and (b) the claim that the inverse base-rate effect is directly caused by an attentional asymmetry is refuted by data. It is proposed that a complete account of the inverse base-rate effect needs to integrate attention effects with inference rules that are flexibly used for both induction and elimination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 29, no 6, 1390-1395 p.
Association Learning, Attention, Decision Making, Discrimination Learning, Humans, Neural Networks (Computer), Pattern Recognition; Visual, Psychological Theory, Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data, Reaction Time
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89526DOI: 10.1037/0278-73184.108.40.2060PubMedID: 14622069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89526DiVA: diva2:161068