Self-efficacy in relation to impairments and ADL disability in elderly stroke patients: A prospective investigation
2003 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, Vol. 35, no 5, 202-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: The objectives of this prospective study, under-taken in elderly patients with stroke undergoing rehabilita-tion, were to determine to what extent fall-related self-efficacy changes over time, its relationships to objectivelyassessed functions and activities, and the predictive capacityof self-efficacy at discharge for activities of daily living 10months after stroke.
Methods: The study comprised 37 patients, aged 66–89 years.Main outcome measurement instruments were the FallsEfficacy Scale (Swedish version), Berg Balance Scale andFunctional Independence Measure.
Results: Significant improvements occurred in all thesemeasures from admission to discharge, but patients with lowself-efficacy at discharge showed less pronounced improve-ments than those with high self-efficacy. Falls Efficacy Scale(Swedish version) was closely associated with all othermeasures and was a more powerful predictor of activities ofdaily living than the observer-based measures of balance.
Conclusion: To minimize dependence in activities of dailyliving, rehabilitation interventions should incorporate self-efficacy enhancement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 35, no 5, 202-207 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89586DOI: 10.1080/16501970310000836PubMedID: 14582550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89586DiVA: diva2:161201