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Spouses' attributions for helping: the effects of styles of help-seeking, self-serving bias, and sex
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 43, no 4, 279-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the effects of (a) how clearly the desire for help is presented, (b) self-serving bias, and (c) sex differences on the source of the cause of helping happening (or not) that spouses attribute to a potential helper. In two studies, a total of 138 couples imagined situations in which a person wanted his or her spouse to do a chore. How clearly the desire for help was expressed, whether help was given, and whether it was the participant or the spouse who was expected to help were manipulated. The participants reported their attributions for the cause of helping (or not) to themselves and the spouse on visual analog scales. There was strong support for a proposed interaction between how clearly the desire for help was expressed and whether help was given in predicting spouses' attributions. No support was obtained for a predicted self-serving bias or for a suggestion that men make more self-enhancing attributions than women, the findings were instead congruent with a relationship-enhancing bias. The findings are discussed in terms of the context of housework.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 43, no 4, 279-289 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89663DOI: 10.1111/1467-9450.00296PubMedID: 12361096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89663DiVA: diva2:161332
Available from: 2002-02-14 Created: 2002-02-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Help-Seeking and Causal Attributions for Helping
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Help-Seeking and Causal Attributions for Helping
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates help-seeking and effects of help-seeking on causal attributions for helping (i.e., what people believe caused help or lack of help). Additionally, it examines self-serving and other-serving attributions (i.e., to augment a person's positive sides and diminish the negative ones). Help-seeking was investigated in questionnaires, describing situations where spouses collaborate in doing household chores. A first study showed that women and men report using direct styles (i.e., explicitly verbalising the requests) more often than indirect ones. A second study showed that spouses inaccurately believe that wives in general would report more indirect and less direct styles than husbands in general. Causal attributions for helping were investigated in four studies with different methods, settings, and types of relationships (questionnaires, laboratory experiment; spouses doing chores, students and strangers doing computerized exercises). Consistent support was obtained for a predicted interaction between helping and the clarity of the request for help in determining the attributions. It is suggested that this finding is an effect of people comparing the behavior of one person with their beliefs about how other persons behave (i.e., consensus). Additionally, the findings did not support the claims that people make self-serving attributions and that the latter would be more pronounced among men than women. However, the attributions were other-serving. The thesis gives a novel understanding of everyday life by combining the issues of help-seeking and causal attributions. It also offers a discussion of the previous literature and of theoretical and applied implications of the findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2002. 93 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 112
Keyword
Psychology, Causal attributions, communication, consensus, directness, gender, help-seeking, household-management, indirect, prosocial-behavior, self-serving, sex-differences, spouses, Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1756 (URN)91-554-5229-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-03-08, sal 1022, Trädgårdsg 20, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Available from: 2002-02-14 Created: 2002-02-14Bibliographically approved

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