Electrochemically lithiated graphite characterised by photoelectron spectroscopy
2003 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 119-121, 522-527 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been used to study the depth profile of the solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI) formed on a graphite powder electrode in a Li-ion battery. The morphology of the SEI-layer, formed in a 1 M LiBF4 EC/DMC 2:1 solution, consists of a 900 Å porous layer of polymers (polyethylene oxide) and a 15–20 Å thin layer of Li2CO3 and LiBF4 reduction–decomposition products. Embedded LiF crystals as large as 0.2 μm were found in the polymer matrix. LiOH and Li2O are not major components on the surface but rather found as a consequence of sputter-related reactions. Monochromatised Al Kα XPS-analysis based on the calibration of Ar+ ion sputtering of model compounds combined with a depth profile analysis based on energy tuning of synchrotron XPS can describe the highly complex composition and morphology of the SEI-layer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 119-121, 522-527 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89738DOI: 10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00277-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89738DiVA: diva2:161459
11th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries, June 23 - 28, 2002, Monterey, California