uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Jord, linne eller träkol?: Genusordning och hushållsstrategier, Bjuråker 1750-1850
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
2002 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Land, Linen, or Charcoal? : Gender System and Household Strategies, Bjuråker 1750-1850 (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to elucidate how people in a household-based pre-industrial agrarian economy acted during a period of great changes. The household is seen as a meaning-creating sym-bol in the local culture. The concept of gender is used for the meaning-creating categories of male and female, while the concept household strategies refers to the collective principles that have led to observable patterns of behav-iour within households.

In Bjuråker land fragmentation was fast and far-reaching compared to other areas. Household strategies were aimed at land distribution and transfer within fami-lies, thereby countering the pressure of the increasing population. Flax growing and linen weaving was an established household strategy, and work for the ironworks made a break-through in the late 1820’s. The gender system established the framework for the utilisation of the available workforce, and the gender division of labour expressed the power relationship between the sexes, where men held the superior position within and outside households.

Water-powered flax-processing plants became widely used locally in the early 1800. Power relationships in households with regard to work and property were reproduced in the use of this new technology. Eight peasant households is studied with accordance to land transfers, sale of linen fabric and work performed for the ironworks. Minutes from the church council’s hearings shows an increasing number of marital conflicts from ca. 1810. It is argued that household strategies were initially aimed primarily at the reproduction and im-provement of the farm household and at transferring the property to the chosen male succes-sor. Ancillary industries became increasingly integrated into house-hold strategies. Peasants’ households appears to have been more anxious to maintain gender distinctions in labour, than were landless households. The linen industry went from being a "prosperity-oriented" ancil-lary industry to being more like a classic proto-industry: a neces-sary source of income for land-poor households. The key cultural symbols, the master and the mistress, remained important in determining people’s actions, and gender-related power structures were repro-duced both in the practice of property transfer and in the gender distribution of labour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2002. , 400 p.
Studia historica Upsaliensia, ISSN 0081-6531 ; 203
Keyword [en]
History, Gender, agrarian history, proto-industrialisation, social differentiation, household, marital conflicts, inheritance practice, linen, charcoal burning, Hälsingland, Sweden
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1929ISBN: 91-554-5269-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-1929DiVA: diva2:161512
Public defence
2002-05-03, Universitetshusets lärosal X, Uppsala, 10:15
Available from: 2002-04-11 Created: 2002-04-11 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text
Buy this publication >>

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Fiebranz, Rosemarie
By organisation
Department of History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 450 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link