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Solution Synthesis of Nano-Phase Nickel as Film and Porous Electrode
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
2000 (English)In: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, ISSN 0928-0707, E-ISSN 1573-4846, Vol. 19, no 1-3, 353-356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Routes to nano-phase nickel in the forms of highly porous sponges and dense films have been developed.Nickel acetate and nitrate were mixed with triethanolamine and methanol, and evaporated to a concentrated liquid.Heat-treatment at 10±C/min to 170±C under N2 atmosphere yielded a highly porous sponge consisting of <10 nmsized Ni crystallites. Deposition of a 1 M nickel precursor solution on polycrystalline Al2O3, SnO2 : F coated glassor titanium substrates spinning at 2700 rpm, followed by heat-treatment at 10±C/min to 400±C yielded smooth anddense nickel films consisting of 3–5 nm sized crystallites. The precursor concentrate was studied by FT-IR andthe phase development on heat-treatment was studied by thermogravimetric analysis, powder X-ray diffraction,scanning and transmission electron microscopy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 19, no 1-3, 353-356 p.
Keyword [en]
solution processing, nano-phase nickel, film, sponge
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89782DOI: 10.1023/A:1008762405755OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89782DiVA: diva2:161527
Available from: 2002-04-03 Created: 2002-04-03 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Novel powder-coating solutions to improved micro-structures of ZnO based varistors, WC-Co cutting tools, and Co/Ni nano-phase films and sponges
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Novel powder-coating solutions to improved micro-structures of ZnO based varistors, WC-Co cutting tools, and Co/Ni nano-phase films and sponges
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Solution chemistry is a versatile and powerful tool in the synthesis of designed, complex nano-level high-tech materials. Normally, the technique is considered too expensive for large-scale production of complex multi-component ceramic materials. This thesis describes the expansion of the useful area of solution processing to multi-component bulk materials such as ZnO-based high-field varistors and WC–Co cutting tools, by developing novel techniques for solution-based coating of conventionally prepared metal and ceramic powders. The chemistry and microstructure development in the preparation of coatings, and the sintering of the coated powders to compacts, were studied in detail by SEM-EDS, TEM-EDS, XRD, IR-spectroscopy, dilatometry, TGA and DSC chemical analysis.

ZnO powder with a ca 20 nm thick, homogeneous oxide coat of Bi–Sb–Ni–Co–Mn–Cr–Al oxide was prepared. After sintering to dense varistor bodies, much improved microstructures with much reduced ZnO-grain sizes were obtained. This shows that the oxides added as liquid sintering aid and grain-growth inhibitor become much more active when added homogeneously as a skin on the ZnO powder.

After sintering of cobalt-coated WC, much improved micro-structures were obtained with a much more narrow WC grain-size distribution than that obtained from starting powders mixed by a conventional milling route. Coated powders also obviate the need for the extensive milling of WC and Co powders used in conventional mixing.

The novel solution route was also applied to preparation of porous sponges and thin films on metal, glass and Al2O3 of sub 20 nm sized Co- or Ni-particles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2002. 45 p.
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 699
Chemistry, Solution processing, powder coating, nano-phase materials, sintering process, varistor, WC–Co, cobalt, nickel, films, sponges, Kemi
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Inorganic Chemistry
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1948 (URN)91-554-5275-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-04-24, Häggsalen, Ångström-laboratoret, Uppsala, 10:15
Available from: 2002-04-03 Created: 2002-04-03 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved

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