Topical retinoic acid alters the expression of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein-I and cellular retinoic acid-binding protein-II in non-lesional but not lesional psoriatic skin
2002 (English)In: Experimental dermatology, ISSN 0906-6705, Vol. 11, no 2, 143-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Therapeutic retinoids have profound effects on psoriatic skin pathology but their interactions with various retinoid-binding proteins in lesional vs non-lesional skin have not been investigated. Using quantitative real-time PCR the mRNA expression of cellular retinol-binding protein I (CRBPI) and retinoic acid-binding protein I/II (CRABPI/CRABPII) was studied in psoriatic and healthy control (=normal) skin after 4 days of occlusive RA/vehicle treatment (n=6). Untreated psoriatic lesions showed a markedly elevated CRABPII/CRABPI ratio, while the CRBPI level was reduced in lesional and non-lesional skin as compared to normal skin. In RA-treated normal and non-lesional skin, the mRNA expression of CRBPI was unaltered while that of CRABPI and CRABPII was reduced by approximately 80% and increased approximately 5-fold, respectively, as compared to vehicle-treated skin. In contrast, lesional skin exposed to RA showed an almost 90% increase in CRBPI transcripts but unaltered expression of CRABPI and CRABPII, yet, the mRNA expression of several inflammatory mediators, e.g. inducible nitric oxide synthase, interferon-gamma and interleukin-1beta, was clearly reduced. Immunohistochemistry localized CRABPII to suprabasal keratinocytes in normal skin and revealed markedly elevated levels in lesional skin. RA treatment induced CRABPII protein expression in normal and non-lesional skin, to similar levels as in untreated lesions. The results indicate that the effects of RA differ in normal/non-lesional psoriatic skin and lesional skin. Whether the high expression of CRABPII in psoriatic skin lesions is due to increased amounts of endogenous retinoids in lesional skin or reflects an abnormal regulation of the CRABPII gene in psoriasis remains to be studied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 11, no 2, 143-152 p.
quantitative real-time PCR, psoriasis, CRBP, keratinocyte, CRABP
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89861DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0625.2002.110206.xPubMedID: 11994141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89861DiVA: diva2:161683