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Food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly Swedish women
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Domestic Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
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2003 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 7, no 2, 67-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: With the increasing numbers of elderly women living at home, there is an interest to investigate the dietary intake of this group.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly women in Sweden.

DESIGN: A 3-day self-reported food diary and a repeated 24-h dietary recall were used. The study comprised 135 single-living or married/cohabiting women (mean age 79.5 8.0 years).

RESULTS: Mean energy intake for the whole group was 6.8 1.9 MJ, and low energy figures were obtained in all age groups indicating some possible under-reporting with a calculated EIrep/BMRest of 1.24 0.36 for the whole group. Overall, energy and nutrient intake was similar in the different age groups (64-68 yrs, 74-78 yrs and 84-88 yrs). Reported intakes of vitamin D (4.8 2.7 mg), tocopherol (5.9 2.2 mg), iron (8.5 2.9 mg), folate (200 8.7 mg) and selenium (29 11 mg) were low compared to recommended intakes. Only minor differences between women in different household types were found. The women reported a variety of food items in their diet.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results from this study indicate that self-managing elderly women report low energy figures, but have a sufficient intake of most nutrients. However, there is a tendency that the oldest women, i.e. 84-88 yrs have lower intakes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 7, no 2, 67-74 p.
National Category
Social Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-89943PubMedID: 12679824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-89943DiVA: diva2:161888
Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Older Women and Food: Dietary Intake and Meals in Self-Managing and Disabled Swedish Females Living at Home
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older Women and Food: Dietary Intake and Meals in Self-Managing and Disabled Swedish Females Living at Home
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present thesis was to study elderly self-managing and disabled women’s dietary intake and meals in relation to age, household structure (single-living or cohabitant), disability and cooking ability. The women were aged 64-88 years and living at home, in the mid-eastern part of Sweden. The self-managing women were randomly selected. The disabled women – suffering from Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis or stroke – were selected from patient records. A total of 139 self-managing and 63 disabled women participated. Two dietary assessment methods were used: a repeated 24-h recall and a three-day estimated food diary, providing dietary intake for five non-consecutive days. The results indicate that elderly women still living in their homes seem to manage a sufficient dietary intake despite disability and high age. The reported energy intakes in all groups of women were low, which might be explained by an actual low intake and/or under-reporting. The portion sizes seemed to be smaller in the highest age group, leading to lower intakes of some nutrients. Thus also the nutrient density of the food should be given greater consideration. The meal pattern was shown to be regular and the distribution of main meals and snacks was found to be satisfactory. Meals and snacks that were defined as such by the women themselves thus seem to be more significant from an energy and nutritional perspective. Perceived cooking ability co-varied with energy and nutrient intake as well as with meal pattern.

Further, a qualitative dietary assessment method, FBCE, was analysed. It was concluded that it must be supplemented with a dietary assessment method providing energy intake figures to ensure a sufficient intake, especially when studying groups at risk for low energy intake.

Furthermore, the aim was to perform a dropout analysis. When studying older women and food, a low participation rate might be expected since the most active, the very ill as well as the disabled tend to decline participation, but also since food is a gender issue. Food could, especially for women, be a sensitive area of discussion, even though older women seem to choose "healthy foods" and eat "proper meals".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2002. 66 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 117
Keyword
Domestic sciences, elderly, women, dietary intake, meals, self-managing, disabled, dietary assessment methods, participation rate, Hushållsvetenskap
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-2558 (URN)91-554-5382-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-10-05, rum 107, Trädgårdsgatan 14, Uppsala, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Available from: 2002-09-12 Created: 2002-09-12 Last updated: 2013-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Nydahl, MargarethaFjellström, Christina

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