The Polar Cusp and its Ionospheric footprint: Dynamics and Transients
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Le Cornet Polaire et son Empreinte Ionosphérique : Dynamique et Phénomènes Transitoires (French)
The magnetopause, the boundary layer between the solar wind and the Earth’s magnetosphere, is not closed as we have long thought. Transfers of energy, particles and momentum from the solar wind to the magnetosphere actually take place. In the Earth’s magnetosphere, the polar cusps are two key regions where the solar wind particles have direct access to the magnetosphere and the polar ionosphere. The ionospheric footprint of the polar cusp is highly dynamic because its location and behavior depend directly on the external conditions (interplanetary magnetic field and solar wind pressure). The cusp dynamics has been studied by means of ground-based and satellite-borne instrumentation. The theory of magnetic reconnection has been successful in explaining entry of solar wind particles into the magnetosphere. Observations indicate that the reconnection process is not steady but rather sporadic or pulsed. The consequences of transient injections of solar wind particles into the dayside high-latitude ionosphere and the associated strong convection electric fields are observed, modeled and discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2002. , 84 p.
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 778
Space and plasma physics, Solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphère interactions, polar ionosphere
Rymd- och plasmafysik
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-2990ISBN: 91-554-5472-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-2990DiVA: diva2:162182
2002-12-04, 10134 (Polhem) Ångström Lab., Uppsala, 14:00
Fujii, Ryoichi, Pr.