Maternal and neonatal factors and mortality in children with Down syndrome born in 1973-1980 and 1995-1998
2004 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 93, no 1, 106-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate maternal and neonatal factors in Down syndrome (DS) at birth, the impact of a congenital heart defect (CHD) on these factors and changes over time.
Medical data of children with DS born in northern Sweden in the periods 1973-1980 (n = 219) and 1995-1998 (n = 88) obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register were compared. A comparison with the general population on a group level was also made.
The main finding was a reduction in infant mortality in DS, from 14.2% to 2.3% in 1995-1998 (p < 0.001), but this was still significantly higher than in the general population. The rate of Caesarean sections increased over time (from 14.5% to 27.3%, p < 0.05) even after adjustment for increased maternal age. No change over time was detected in the following rates: premature birth (gestational age < or = 36) (25%); asphyxia (5-min Apgar score < or = 6) (8%); low birthweight (< 2500 g) (14%); or small for gestational age (SGA) (14%); all rates were significantly higher than those of the general population. A CHD did not seem to influence the rates of these factors in a logistic regression model.
Infant mortality decreased substantially over time in the DS group, whereas there was no reduction in the rate of asphyxia, SGA, low birthweight or prematurity. The presence of a CHD did not influence any of the neonatal factors studied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 93, no 1, 106-112 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90074DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2004.tb00683.xPubMedID: 14989449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90074DiVA: diva2:162232