Cellular mobile genetic elements in the regulatory region of the pneumotropic mouse polyomavirus genome: structure and function in viral gene expression and DNA replication
2003 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 77, no 6, 3477-3486 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
DNA from the murine pneumotropic virus was extracted from virus in lung tissue of infected mice, and the regulatory region of the genome was amplified by PCR. The regulatory region of individual plasmid cloned DNA molecules appeared to have heterogeneous enhancer segments, whereas the protein-coding part of the genome had a uniform length. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the majority of the DNA molecules had a structure differing from the standard type. A 220-bp insertion at nucleotide position 142 with a concomitant deletion of nucleotides 143 to 148 was prominent. There were two variants of the 220-bp insertion, differing at two nucleotide positions at one of the termini. Other DNA molecules had complete or partial deletions of these structures and surrounding sequences in the viral enhancer. However, the end of the insertion at nucleotide 142 was frequently preserved. The viral early and late promoter activity of the variant regulatory regions was tested in a luciferase reporter assay by using transfected NIH 3T3 cells. In relation to the standard-type DNA, all variants, including a G272T mutant, had much stronger late promoters. In contrast, the early promoter activity was influenced in a positive or negative direction by individual mutations. Also, the activity of the viral origin of DNA replication was affected by the sequence variation of the regulatory region, although the effects were smaller than for the late promoter. Analysis by Southern blotting and quantification using dot blots showed that approximately 103 copies of material related to the 220-bp insert in murine pneumotropic virus DNA was present in mouse and human DNA but not in Escherichia coli DNA. Moreover, analysis by PCR indicated that there were multiple copies in the mouse genome of sequences that were identical or closely related to the 220-bp viral DNA segment. These data together with the nucleotide sequence analysis suggest that the 220-bp insertion is related to a transposable element of a novel type.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 77, no 6, 3477-3486 p.
Medical and Health Sciences Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90157DOI: 10.1128/JVI.77.6.3477-3486.2003PubMedID: 12610123OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90157DiVA: diva2:162401