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A longitudinal study of the development of dieting among 7–17-year-old Swedish girls
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
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2002 (English)In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108X, Vol. 31, no 1, 32-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the extent to which the prevalence of self-reported dieting and the wish to be thinner changed in 7-15-year-old girls over a 3-year period, and to explore potential differences between cohorts recruited in 1995 and 1999. In addition, changes in eating attitudes (Children's Eating Attitudes Test [ChEAT]) were compared between 1995 and 1999.

METHOD:

A three-wave longitudinal study including girls (n = 1,076-1,279) in five age groups (7, 9, 11, 13, 15, the Main Cohort) and an age-matched cross-sectional sample consisting of 1,759 girls (the Societal Cohort).

RESULTS:

A marked increase of the wish to be thinner was evident in the 10-14-year-old age range and significant increases in dieting attempts occurred mainly among 9-13-year-old girls. ChEAT scores were significantly higher among 11-year-olds in 1999 than in 1995. However, more 7-year-olds scored above the ChEAT cutoff (</=15) in 1995 compared with 1999.

DISCUSSION:

There was an increasing trend in the wish to be thinner and in dieting attempts among 9-14-year-olds. Attitudes and behaviors associated with disturbed eating had increased between 1995 and 1999 only among the 11-year- olds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 31, no 1, 32-42 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90249DOI: 10.1002/eat.10004PubMedID: 11835295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90249DiVA: diva2:162542
Available from: 2003-04-28 Created: 2003-04-28 Last updated: 2013-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Restrained Eating: Development and Models of Prediction in Girls
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Restrained Eating: Development and Models of Prediction in Girls
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Body image concerns and dieting emerge at an early age among girls and become more pronounced with increasing age. Knowledge about risk factors for disturbed eating is crucial in order to develop theoretical models and to suggest new paths for preventive efforts. The aim of the present thesis was to investigate the development of disturbed eating and to evaluate a conceptual model of predictors of body dissatisfaction and disturbed eating in girls. The included studies are part of a seven-year longitudinal project employing an accelerated multi-cohort design, including several age groups (7, 9, 11, 13, 15 years at inclusion).

Study I demonstrated a marked increase in the wish to be thinner and dieting attempts between the ages 10–14 and 9–13 years, respectively. In Study II, the Body Mass Index (BMI) predicted weight-related teasing and body dissatisfaction, and body dissatisfaction predicted restrained eating among Swedish girls in Grade 8 and Australian girls in Grades 7 and 8. Weight-related teasing partially mediated between BMI and body dissatisfaction in all three samples. Study III partially supported a conceptual model implying that BMI, weight-related teasing, and body dissatisfaction at 7–11 years predicted restrained eating among girls 12–14 years old. Study IV provided support for a conceptual model positing that BMI, body esteem, and to some extent weight-related teasing, predict body dissatisfaction and restrained eating during adolescence and young adulthood.

In conclusion, there was partial support for a conceptual model including these risk factors for disturbed eating among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2003. 95 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 125
Keyword
Caring sciences, teasing, body image, disturbed eating, cross-cultural, longitudinal, path analysis, structural model, Vårdvetenskap
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-3374 (URN)91-554-5606-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2003-05-22, Minus, Gustavianum, Uppsala, 09:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2003-04-28 Created: 2003-04-28Bibliographically approved

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Lunner, KatarinaWesterberg, Josefin

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