A longitudinal study of the development of dieting among 7–17-year-old Swedish girls
2002 (English)In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108X, Vol. 31, no 1, 32-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To examine the extent to which the prevalence of self-reported dieting and the wish to be thinner changed in 7-15-year-old girls over a 3-year period, and to explore potential differences between cohorts recruited in 1995 and 1999. In addition, changes in eating attitudes (Children's Eating Attitudes Test [ChEAT]) were compared between 1995 and 1999.
A three-wave longitudinal study including girls (n = 1,076-1,279) in five age groups (7, 9, 11, 13, 15, the Main Cohort) and an age-matched cross-sectional sample consisting of 1,759 girls (the Societal Cohort).
A marked increase of the wish to be thinner was evident in the 10-14-year-old age range and significant increases in dieting attempts occurred mainly among 9-13-year-old girls. ChEAT scores were significantly higher among 11-year-olds in 1999 than in 1995. However, more 7-year-olds scored above the ChEAT cutoff (</=15) in 1995 compared with 1999.
There was an increasing trend in the wish to be thinner and in dieting attempts among 9-14-year-olds. Attitudes and behaviors associated with disturbed eating had increased between 1995 and 1999 only among the 11-year- olds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 31, no 1, 32-42 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90249DOI: 10.1002/eat.10004PubMedID: 11835295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90249DiVA: diva2:162542