Blocked MAP kinase activity selectively enhances neurotrophic growth responses
2004 (English)In: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, ISSN 1044-7431, E-ISSN 1095-9327, Vol. 25, no 2, 345-354 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) 4 and 6 as well as MEK inhibitors PD98059 and U0126 potentiate neurotrophin 3 (NT3)- and neurturin (NTN)-induced neurite outgrowth and survival of peripheral neurons from the E9 chicken embryo. Preexposure to BMP4 or PD98059 was sufficient to prime the potentiation of subsequently added NT3. Phosphorylation of Erk2, induced by NT3, was reduced by MEK inhibition but unaffected by BMP signaling. Real-time PCR showed that neither BMP stimulation nor MEK inhibition increased Trk receptor expression and that the BMP-induced genes Smad6 and Id1 were not upregulated by PD98059. In contrast, both MEK inhibition and BMP signaling suppressed transcription of the serum-response element (SRE)-driven Egr1 gene. A reporter assay using NGF-stimulated PC12 cells demonstrated that MEK/Erk/Elk-driven transcriptional activity was inhibited by Smad1/5 and by PD98059. Thus, suppression of SRE-controlled transcription represents a likely convergence point for pathways regulating neurotrophic responses.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 25, no 2, 345-354 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90337DOI: 10.1016/j.mcn.2003.10.015PubMedID: 15019950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90337DiVA: diva2:162654