Modeling of Sound Propagation in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: Application of the MIUU Mesoscale Model
1999 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, E-ISSN 2156-2202, Vol. 104, no D10, 11891-11901 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A mesoscale atmospheric model, the Meteorological Institute of Uppsala University model, has been used to simulate local wind and temperature profiles in an area with hilly terrain in eastern Norway. Simulated wind and temperature profiles (up to 250 m height above ground) have been used as input to an acoustical model, called Oases. In this way, sound propagation out to 1.4 km distance along ground has been determined for a site situated in a valley bottom in the center of the model domain. Measured ground conditions are also included in the acoustical model. During the investigated period, meteorological measurements were carried out in conjunction with measurements of low-frequency (≲100 Hz) impulse sound propagation out to a range of 1400 m along a flat, uniform, and snow-covered ground. For a case with geostrophic winds of the order of 25 m s-1 the predicted profiles are compared with profiles measured by meteorological towers and a tethered balloon launched at the site. Acoustic predictions based on both measured and simulated atmospheric profiles agree well with measured single-frequency sound levels in most cases. This suggests that forecasts of sound propagation using both a nested mesoscale atmospheric model and an acoustical model should be possible in future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 104, no D10, 11891-11901 p.
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90527DOI: 10.1029/1999JD900016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90527DiVA: diva2:162910