The dawn and dusk electrojet response to substorm onset
2000 (English)In: Annales Geophysicae, ISSN 0992-7689, Vol. 18, no 9, 1097-1107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have investigated the time delay between substorm onset and related reactions in the dawn and dusk ionospheric electrojets, clearly separated from the nightside located substorm current wedge by several hours in MLT. We looked for substorm onsets occurring over Greenland, where the onset was identified by a LANL satellite and DMI magnetometers located on Greenland. With this setup the MARIA magnetometer network was located at dusk, monitoring the eastward electrojet, and the IMAGE chain at dawn, for the westward jet. In the first few minutes following substorm onset, sudden enhancements of the electrojets were identified by looking for rapid changes in magnetograms. These results show that the speed of information transfer between the region of onset and the dawn and dusk ionosphere is very high. A number of events where the reaction seemed to preceed the onset were explained by either unfavorable instrument locations, preventing proper onset timing, or by the inner magnetosphere's reaction to the Earthward fast flows from the near-Earth neutral line model. Case studies with ionospheric coherent (SuperDARN) and incoherent (EISCAT) radars have been performed to see whether a convection-induced electric field or enhanced conductivity is the main agent for the reactions in the electrojets. The results indicate an imposed electric field enhancement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 18, no 9, 1097-1107 p.
Polar ionosphere, Electric field, Magnetospheric substorm, Delay time, Auroral electrojet, Radar observation, Magnetometry, Satellite observation, Greenland, North America, America
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90580DiVA: diva2:162981