Spatial variations of b-value in the subduction zone of Central America
2003 (English)In: Geofísica Internacional, ISSN 0016-7169, Vol. 42, no 4, 575-587 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
requency-magnitude distribution along the Mid-American Trench (MAT) has been studied by means of 2345 earthquakesduring the period 1964-1994. We used the regional MIDAS catalogue with a magnitude of completeness of 4.2. To resolve the bvalueas a function of depth (one dimensional approach), we applied vertically sliding windows containing a constant number ofevents. To obtain more details in the b distribution, we projected catalogue hypocenters in three selected regions (approximatelyGuatemala and El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica), onto planes perpendicular to the trench. The b-values were calculated insliding cylindrical volumes (two-dimensional approach) containing a constant number of earthquakes and centered at nodes of a5 km x 5 km grid. The b-value varies significantly along a large part of MAT. High b-values were identified in the upper part of theslab at depths of 80-110 km beneath Guatemala-El Salvador and at depths 130-170 km beneath Nicaragua. Anomalous (high) bvaluesin the lower part of the slab were located at depths of 50-90 km and 50-160 km beneath Guatemala-El Salvador andNicaragua, respectively. Anomalies observed at the upper part of the slab may be related to dehydration and successive increase inpore pressure in the down-going lithosphere, which may generate volcanism above the anomalies in the upper part of the slab.Anomalies on the lower surface of the Wadati-Benioff zone are likely to be associated with high thermal gradients between theslab and mantle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 42, no 4, 575-587 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-90930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-90930DiVA: diva2:163453