Control of reaching movements in children and young adults with myelomeningocele
2004 (English)In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 46, no 1, 28-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the present study was to analyze the ability to programme and execute reaching movements in individuals with myelomeningocele (MMC) and in a control group. Thirty-one participants (18 males, 13 females; mean age 12 years 11 months, SD 2 years 7 months, range 9 to 19 years) with MMC and 31 participants (matched for age and sex) without disabilities were investigated. Reaching was performed with and without visual feedback toward three targets displayed on a computer screen and data were collected using a digitizing tablet linked to a computer. The kinematics of reaching were analyzed and analysis of variance was used for statistical analysis. Results showed that both groups were able to programme reaching movements under both visual conditions. Although the execution of reaching was poor in the MMC group compared with the control individuals, as indicated by larger end-point errors (p=0.002), less straight movements (p=0.018), and shorter deceleration phases (p=0.004), movement time was not prolonged in the MMC group. Those with shunt treatment (n=21) had more difficulties when visual feedback was provided. Those with symptoms of early brainstem dysfunction (n=5) had shorter deceleration phases under both visual conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 46, no 1, 28-33 p.
Adolescent, Biomechanics, Brain Stem/pathology/physiology, Case-Control Studies, Child, Disabled Children, Female, Hand, Human, Male, Meningomyelocele/*complications/rehabilitation, Motor Skills, Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Task Performance and Analysis, User-Computer Interface, Visual Perception
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91017DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2004.tb00430.xPubMedID: 14974644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91017DiVA: diva2:163584