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Cell-specific CYP1A expression and benzo(a)pyrene adduct formation in gills of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss ) following CYP1A induction in the laboratory and in the field
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Environmental Toxicology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Environmental Toxicology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Environmental Toxicology.
2004 (English)In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, ISSN 0730-7268, E-ISSN 1552-8618, Vol. 23, no 4, 874-882 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A)induction on cell-specific benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) adduct formation was studied in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gills. Fish preexposed to β-naphthoflavone (βNF) or caged in a polluted river were exposed to waterborne 3H-benzo[a]pyrene (3H-BaP). The 3H-benzo[a]pyrene adducts in the gill filaments were localized by autoradiography and CYP1A protein by immunohistochemistry. Ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity was measured using a gill filament-based ex vivo assay. Branchial 3H-BaP binding and EROD activity were enhanced by exposure to βNF or to the river water, and completely blocked by the CYP1A inhibitor ellipticine. The predominant sites of adduct formation were in epithelium of the secondary lamellae and in epithelium of the efferent edge of the gill filament. In βNF-exposed fish, the strongest CYP1A immunoreactivity was observed in differentiating cells and in pillar cells. In fish caged in the polluted river, strong CYP1A immunoreactivity was found in most cells in the secondary lamellae, whereas the primary lamellae were almost devoid of immunoreactivity. Our results reveal a discrepancy between the localization of CYP1A protein and BaP adducts in the gill. Consequently, other factors, such as bioavailability of waterborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to the target cells, are important for the localization of PAH adducts in the gill.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 23, no 4, 874-882 p.
Keyword [en]
Gill, Cytochrome P4501A, Benzo[a]pyrene, Adduct
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91225DOI: 10.1897/03-211OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91225DiVA: diva2:163883
Available from: 2003-12-22 Created: 2003-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Gill Filament EROD Assay: Development and Application in Environmental Monitoring
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Gill Filament EROD Assay: Development and Application in Environmental Monitoring
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A gill filament-based assay for the cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A)-catalysed activity ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) was developed in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and applied to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), saithe (Pollachius virens), and spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor). Exposure to waterborne β-naphthoflavone (βNF; 10-6 M) induced branchial EROD activity in all species but the spotted wolffish. In rainbow trout exposed to low concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP; 10-9 M) and the textile dye indigo (10-8 M) the gills responded more rapidly than the liver to BaP, and indigo induced branchial but not hepatic EROD activity.

A CYP1A-dependent BaP adduct formation was shown in gills of fish exposed to waterborne 3H-BaP, i.e. the adduct formation was enhanced by βNF and blocked by ellipticine (CYP1A inhibitor). The predominant location for BaP adducts was the secondary lamellae (most exposed part of the gill filament), whereas the CYP1A enzyme was also present in the primary lamellae of the gill filament. Hence, in addition to the cell-specific expression of CYP1A an important determinant for the localisation of adducts seemed to be the bioavailability of BaP. This idea is supported by the fact that the CYP1A enzyme was induced only in secondary lamellae by BaP (10-7 M) and indigo (10-6 M), whereas it was induced in both primary and secondary lamellae by 3,3´,4,4´,5-pentachlorobiphenyl (10-8 M). Apparently, readily metabolised inducers (BaP and indigo) are biotransformed in the secondary lamellae.

My results show that gill filament EROD activity is a sensitive biomarker of exposure to waterborne dioxin-like pollutants, and that the assay has potential for use in monitoring. Furthermore, the results suggest that readily metabolised dioxin-like compounds absorbed via the gills may undergo first-pass metabolism in the gill cells and therefore remain undetected by monitoring of EROD activity in the liver.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2003. 45 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 920
Keyword
Biology, aquatic, benzo[a]pyrene, biomarker, CYP1A, environmental monitoring, EROD, fish, gill, indigo, PCB, Biologi
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-3913 (URN)91-554-5841-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-01-24, Friessalen, EBC, Norbyvägen 14, Uppsala, 12:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2003-12-22 Created: 2003-12-22Bibliographically approved

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