Origin and evolution of North American Polyploid Silene (Caryophyllaceae)
2007 (English)In: American Journal of Botany, ISSN 0002-9122, E-ISSN 0032-0919, Vol. 94, no 3, 330-349 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nuclear DNA sequences from introns of the low-copy nuclear gene family encoding the second largest subunit of RNA polymerases and the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions, combined with the psbE-petL spacer and the rps16 intron from the chloroplast genome were used to infer origins and phylogenetic relationships of North American polyploid Silene species and their closest relatives. Although the vast majority of North American Silene species are polyploid, which contrasts to the diploid condition dominating in other parts of the world, the phylogenetic analyses rejected a single origin of the North American polyploids. One lineage consists of tetraploid Silene menziesii and its diploid allies. A second lineage, Physolychnis s.l., consists of Arctic, European, Asian, and South American taxa in addition to the majority of the North American polyploids. The hexaploid S. hookeri is derived from an allopolyploidization between these two lineages. The tetraploid S. nivea does not belong to any of these lineages, but is closely related to the European diploid S. baccifera. The poor resolution within Physolychnis s.l. may be attributed to rapid radiation, recombination among homoeologues, homoplasy, or any combination of these factors. No extant diploid donors could be identified in Physolychnis s.l.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 94, no 3, 330-349 p.
Caryophyllaceae, cpDNA, low-copy nuclear DNA, molecular phylogeny, North America, rapid radiation, RNA polymerase, Silene
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91244DOI: 10.3732/ajb.94.3.330ISI: 000245097500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91244DiVA: diva2:163907