Tomography for partial-defect verification: experiences from measurements using different devices
2006 (English)In: ESARDA Bulletin, ISSN 0392-3029, Vol. 33, 15-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three devices of different types have been used in tomographic measurements for the purpose of partial-defect verification on the single-rod level. The devices range from a laboratory device used in measurements on a fuel model to an in-pool device used in measurements on irradiated fuel in a fuel-handling pool.
The tomographic technique accounted for in this paper involves measurements of the gamma-ray flux distribution around a fuel assembly followed by computer-aided reconstruction of the internal source distribution. The results are rod-by-rod values of the relative concentrations of selected gamma-emitting isotopes. Also cross-sectional images are obtained.
The tomographic technique presented here has proven to be robust and reliable. In laboratory experiments on a fuel model, reconstructions of relative rod-by-rod activities have been obtained with 1.5 % accuracy (1 σ). Using an in-pool device in measurements on fuel with a cooling time of about 4 weeks, data on fuel rods have been obtained in agreement with production-code calculations. Furthermore, tomographic images of good quality have been acquired.
The applicability of the tomographic technique for partial-defect verification on the single-rod level has been investigated and demonstrated. The gamma-ray source concentration reconstructed in a position corresponding to a removed or replaced rod has been significantly lower than that of normal rods.
Finally, requirements and properties of a device for tomographic measurements on nuclear fuel are discussed. It is argued that the use of a detector system with high energy resolution and high peak efficiency in connection to spectroscopic peak analysis is beneficial.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 33, 15-25 p.
Research subject Applied Nuclear Physics; Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91654DiVA: diva2:164456