Vasopressin versus continuous adrenaline during experimental cardiopulmonary resuscitation
2004 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 62, no 1, 61-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To evaluate the effects of a bolus dose of vasopressin compared to continuous adrenaline (epinephrine) infusion on vital organ blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Methods: Ventricular fibrillation was induced in 24 anaesthetised pigs. After a 5-min non-intervention interval, CPR was started. After 2 min of CPR the animals were randomly assigned to receive either vasopressin (0.4 U/kg) or adrenaline (bolus of 20 μg/kg followed by continuous infusion of 10 μg/(kg min)). Defibrillation was attempted after 9 min of CPR. Results: Vasopressin generated higher cortical cerebral blood flow (P<0.001) and lower cerebral oxygen extraction (P<0.001) during CPR compared to continuous adrenaline. Coronary perfusion pressure during CPR was higher in vasopressin-treated pigs (P<0.001) and successful resuscitation was achieved in 12/12 in the vasopressin group versus 5/12 in the adrenaline group (P=0.005). Conclusions: In this experimental model, vasopressin caused a greater increase in cortical cerebral blood flow and lower cerebral oxygen extraction during CPR compared to continuous adrenaline. Furthermore, vasopressin generated higher coronary perfusion pressure and increased the likelihood of restoring spontaneous circulation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 62, no 1, 61-69 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91828DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2004.01.034PubMedID: 15246585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91828DiVA: diva2:164685