Adrenaline administration during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: poor adherence to clinical guidelines
2004 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 48, no 7, 909-913 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Adrenaline does not appear to improve the outcome after cardiac arrest in clinical trials in spite of beneficial effects in experimental studies. The objective of this study was to determine whether adrenaline was administered in accordance with advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) guidelines during adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: From 15 January to 31 December 2000, all patients at Uppsala University Hospital in whom CPR was attempted were registered prospectively. The duration of CPR was documented in the register and the total dose of adrenaline was retrieved retrospectively from patient records. From these data the average interval between adrenaline doses was calculated. RESULTS: Data for evaluation of the between-dose interval of adrenaline was available in 53 of 107 registered cardiac arrests. In 68% (36/53) the average between-dose interval was longer than the 3-5 min recommended in the guidelines, and 8% (4/53) received no adrenaline. The median interval between adrenaline doses during CPR was 6.5 min (25th-75th percentile: 5.1-10.4). Adherence to guidelines was lower in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest than in in-hospital cardiac arrest (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In the majority of cases adrenaline did not appear to be administered according to current ACLS guidelines.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 48, no 7, 909-913 p.
Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Epinephrine/*administration & dosage, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Practice Guidelines, Time Factors
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91829DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2004.00440.xPubMedID: 15242439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91829DiVA: diva2:164686