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Excitation of localized rotating waves in plasma density cavities by scattering of fast magnetosonic waves
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Astronomy and Space Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division.
2004 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 92, no 25 pt.1, 255002- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An analytic description of electromagnetic waves in an inhomogeneous plasma is applied to investigate excitation of localized rotating waves below the lower hybrid frequency through scattering of fast magnetosonic waves on a density cavity. The magnetosonic wave is focused to left-handed rotating oscillations. We find the amplitude of the localized oscillations, resonance frequencies, and the width of the resonances. The theory is relevant for the lower hybrid solitary structures observed in space plasmas and is shown to be consistent with observations by the Freja satellite.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 92, no 25 pt.1, 255002- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91834DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.255002PubMedID: 15245017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91834DiVA: diva2:164692
Available from: 2004-05-12 Created: 2004-05-12 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Interaction between Electromagnetic Waves and Localized Plasma Oscillations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction between Electromagnetic Waves and Localized Plasma Oscillations
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Växelverkan mellan elektromagnetiska vågor och lokaliserade plasmaoscillationer
Abstract [en]

This thesis treats interaction between electromagnetic waves and localized plasma oscillations. Two specific physical systems are considered, namely artificially excited magnetic field-aligned irregularities (striations) and naturally excited lower hybrid solitary structures (LHSS). Striations are mainly density depletions of a few percent that are observed when a powerful electromagnetic wave, a pump wave, is launched into the ionosphere. The striations are formed by upper hybrid (UH) oscillations that are localized in the depletion where they are generated by the linear conversion of the pump field on the density gradients. However, the localization is not complete as the UH oscillation can convert to a propagating electromagnetic Z mode wave. This process, termed Z mode leakage, causes damping of the localized UH oscillation. The Z mode leakage is investigated and the theory predicts non-Lorentzian skewed shapes of the resonances for the emitted Z mode radiation. Further, the interaction between individual striations facilitated by the Z mode leakage is investigated. The LHSS are observed by spacecraft in the ionosphere and magnetosphere as localized waves in the lower hybrid (LH) frequency range that coincides with density cavities. The localized waves are immersed in non-localized wave activity. The excitation of localized waves with frequencies below LH frequency is modelled by scattering of electromagnetic magnetosonic (MS) waves off a preexisting density cavity. It is shown analytically that an incident MS wave with frequency less than the minimum LH frequency inside the cavity is focused to localized waves with left-handed rotating wave front. In addition, the theory is shown to be consistent with observations by the Freja satellite. For frequencies between the minimum LH frequency inside the cavity and the ambient LH frequency, the MS wave is instead mode converted and excites pressure driven LH oscillations. This process is studied in a simplified geometry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2004. 43 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1104-232X ; 985
Keyword
Space and plasma physics, space physics, plasma physics, radio waves, ionospheric modification, density depleations, field-aligned irregularities, lower hybrid solitary structures, lower hybrid cavities, Z mode waves, magnetosonic waves, scattering, mode conversion, Rymd- och plasmafysik
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4282 (URN)91-554-5982-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-06-03, Häggsalen (Room 10132), Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-12 Created: 2004-05-12Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, AndersLeyser, Thomas

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