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Suppressors of T-cell Receptor Signaling Sts-1 and Sts-2 Bindto Cbl and Inhibit Endocytosis of Receptor Tyrosine Kinases
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Medical School, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Medical School, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.
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2004 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 279, no 31, 32786-32795 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ubiquitin (Ub) ligase Cbl plays a critical role in attenuation of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling by inducing ubiquitination of RTKs and promoting their sorting for endosomal degradation. Herein, we describe the identification of two novel Cbl-interacting proteins, p70 and Clip4 (recently assigned the names Sts-1 and Sts-2, respectively), that inhibit endocytosis of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor. Sts-1 and Sts-2 contain SH3 domains that interacted with Cbl, Ub-associated domains, which bound directly to mono-Ub or to the EGFR/Ub chimera as well as phosphoglycerate mutase domains that mediated oligomerization of Sts-1/2. Ligand-induced recruitment of Sts-1/Sts-2 into activated EGFR complexes led to inhibition of receptor internalization, reduction in the number of EGFR-containing endocytic vesicles, and subsequent block of receptor degradation followed by prolonged activation of mitogenic signaling pathways. On the other hand, interference with Sts-1/Sts-2 functions diminished ligand-induced receptor degradation, cell proliferation, and oncogenic transformation in cultured fibroblasts. We suggest that Sts-1 and Sts-2 represent a novel class of Ub-binding proteins that regulate RTK endocytosis and control growth factor-induced cellular functions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. , 2004. Vol. 279, no 31, 32786-32795 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-91988DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M403759200PubMedID: 15159412OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-91988DiVA: diva2:164915
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Adaptor Proteins in Regulation of Receptor Endocytosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adaptor Proteins in Regulation of Receptor Endocytosis
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ligand-induced endocytosis of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is a dynamic process governed by numerous protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions. This is a major mechanism of signal termination and is also frequently impaired in cancer. The Cbl family of ubiquitin ligases has been shown to play a key role in downregulation of RTKs, by directing their ligand-induced ubiquitination and subsequent lysosomal degradation. My thesis work has led to the identification of novel, ubiquitin-ligase independent, functions of Cbl in receptor endocytosis. We demonstrated that the adaptor protein CIN85 links Cbl with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) internalization. The three SH3 domains of CIN85 interact with Cbl/Cbl-b in a phosphotyrosine dependent manner, whereas its proline-rich region constitutively binds endophilins, known regulators of plasma membrane invagination. The SH3 domains of CIN85 recognize an atypical proline-arginine (PxxxPR) motif present in Cbl and Cbl-b. Moreover, we showed that numerous endocytic regulatory proteins, among them ASAP1 and Dab2, interact with CIN85 via their PxxxPR motifs. The SH3 domains of CIN85 are able to cluster and exchange its effectors at subsequent stages of EGFR endocytosis, thus participating in the control of receptor internalization, recycling and degradation in the lysosome. We proposed that CIN85 functions as a scaffold molecule implicated in control of multiple steps in downregulation of RTKs.

Furthermore, we identified two novel Cbl- and ubiquitin-interacting adaptor proteins named Sts-1 and Sts-2 (Suppressors of T-cell receptor signaling). Ligand-induced and Cbl-mediated recruitment of Sts-1/Sts-2 into activated EGFR complexes led to inhibition of receptor internalization and subsequent block of receptor degradation followed by prolonged mitogenic signaling pathways. Our results indicate that Sts-1 and Sts-2 represent a new class of negative regulators of Cbl functions in receptor endocytosis.

In conclusion, this thesis describes novel mechanisms by which Cbl, coupled to its effectors, orchestrates trafficking of RTKs. Detailed understanding of how these processes are controlled under physiological as well as under pathological conditions may be important for future therapeutic approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2004. 63 p.
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 1366
Keyword
Cell and molecular biology, Cell- och molekylärbiologi
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4477 (URN)91-554-6011-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-10-08, B42, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15
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Supervisors
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved

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