Pressure effects on the structure and vibrations of β- and γ-C3N4
2004 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 70, no 10, 104114- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present the results of an investigation on the pressure behavior of structural, bonding and vibrational properties of β- and γ-C3N4 phases. Emphasis is focused on the trends of the calculated properties along the A3N4 (A: C, Si, Ge) family. Geometry optimizations and electronic structure calculations are carried out in the framework of the local density functional theory using a planewave-pseudopotential scheme. The equilibrium cell geometry, the isothermal bulk modulus and its pressure derivatives have been evaluated for the two phases in a pressure range up to 400 GPa. The Bader’s Atoms in Molecules formalism is applied to characterize the chemical bonding and the atomic contributions to the bulk compressibility in β- and γ-A3N4 crystals. The calculated stability diagram reveals the occurrence of a hypothetical β-C3N4→γ-C3N4 phase transition around 370 GPa. Γ-point harmonic vibrational modes are computed at selected pressures within the density functional perturbation theory approach. In agreement with recent theoretical calculations, the comparison of the computed Raman vibrational frequencies with experimental estimations for β-C3N4 raises doubts on a previously reported synthesis of this structure. Pressure effects on the vibrational frequencies inform of a reduction of the P63∕m symmetry of the β phase at pressures around 60 GPa and contribute to look into the mechanical stability of the γ phase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 70, no 10, 104114- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92007DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.104114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92007DiVA: diva2:164942